4748488011_d258c8938e_b
이런 식으로 진지한 그림을 그리지 못하고 비평만 쏟아낸다면 그것은 극히 이기적인 비평일 수밖에 없다.

Future journalists in the GNS Journalists School will learn how to use constructive criticism. The Korean media today, as a whole, do not understand how to criticize constructively. Mr. J. H. Chung, a former student of the Journalists School and current journalist, said:

I learned the constructive criticism from you. I feel that the media nowadays do not adopt constructive criticism. I think people liked the constructive criticism of the website we operated. Also, I learned how to respect others, the interviewees. Because you naturally respect others, my brain cells automatically remember that. I think I assimilated the trait while we had worked together.” (J.H. Chung, personal communication, October 31, 2015)

Then what is the constructive criticism? It is defined as “criticism or advice that is useful and intended to help or improve something, often with an offer of possible solutions.” (Dictionary.com) Gregg Walker, who works for the Department of Speech Communication at Oregon State University, gives us great guidelines for critics:

Constructive Criticism – Guidelines for the Critic

  1. Understand why you are offering criticism. Feel confident that doing so is appropriate to the situation and constructive for the parties involved. Criticism voiced out of self-interest or competition may be destructive.
  2. Engage in perspective taking or role reversal. As you develop a criticism strategy or response, try to understand the perspective of the person being criticized.
  3. Offer criticism of the person’s behavior, not on her or his “person.” Refer to what a person does, not her or his “traits,” or “character.”
  4. Even though criticism implies evaluation, emphasize description. Before offering any judgment, describe behavior you see or have experienced.
  5. Focus your criticism on a particular situation rather than general or abstract behavior. “Index” and “date” your criticism, much like a “journalist”: deal with who, what, where, and when.
  6. Direct your criticism to the present (“here and now”) rather than the past (“there and then”)
  7. Emphasize in your criticism your perceptions and feelings. Indicate what you think and feel about the other’s behavior that you have described. Use “I” statements.
  8. Invite a collaborative discussion of consequences rather than offering advice. Form a partnership to deal with problems. Do not compete with the other party; compete with the other person against the problem.
  9. Keep judgments tentative. Maintain an “open door” of dialogue rather than presenting your “analysis” or “explanation” of another’s behavior.
  10. Present criticism in ways that allow the other party to make decisions. Do not force criticism on the other. Encourage the other to experience “ownership.” People are more likely to comply with solutions that they generate.
  11. Avoid critical overload. Give the other an amount of critical feedback that she or he can handle or understand at that time.
  12. Focus criticism on behaviors that the other person can change.
  13. Include in your critical feedback a positive “outlet.” Reinforce positive actions and invite the possibility of change.

GNS의 미래 저널리스트들은 건설적인 비판에 대해 배우게 될 것입니다. 한국 언론은 오늘날 전반적으로 건설적으로 비판하는 데 무지한 또는 무시하는 상태입니다. 오래전에 기자훈련학교에서 훈련을 받았던 정OO기자는 요즘 언론 상황에 대해 다음과 같이 설명합니다.

“기자훈련 학교에서 건설적인 비판하는 법을 배웠습니다. 오늘날의 언론은 그런데 건설적인 비판법을 도입하지 않는 것 같습니다. 우리가 인터넷 신문을 운영했을 당시 사람들은 우리의 건설적인 비판방식을 좋아했던 것 같습니다. 저는 건설적인 비판과 동시에 다른 사람을 존중하는 법을 배웠습니다. 특히 인터뷰 대상자를 존중하기를 배웠습니다. 인도자가 다른 사람을 존중했기에 우리의 뇌세포는 자연스럽게 그렇게 하는 것이 옳다고 기억했습니다. 우리가 함께 일하면서 그런 품성을 닮아갔던 것 같습니다.”

건설적인 비판은 무엇일까요? 딕셔너리닷컴에서 보니까 건설적인 비판은 “무엇인가를 돕거나 향상시키기고자 주는 비평과 충고”입니다. 그리고 “대부분은 가능한 해결점을 제공”합니다. 오리건주립대에서 커뮤니케이션학부를 섬기는 그렉 워커 교수는 건설적인 비평가의 가이드라인을 다음과 같이 적고 있습니다.

  1. 먼저 왜 비평을 하고 있는지 현 상황을 직시하고 있어야 한다. 상황에 적절하고 비평과 관련된 사람들에게 건설적인 일을 하고 있다는 확신이 생겨야 한다. 자신의 이익과 경쟁심에서 나온 비판은 파괴적이기만 하다.
  2. 상대방의 입장에 서봐야 한다. 비평을 받는 자의 관점을 이해하려는 자세를 가져야 한다.
  3. 비평을 받는 자의 행동을 비평해야지 그의 품성이나 그 사람 자체를 비평해서는 안 된다. 어떤 특정 행동에 대한 비평이지 품성과 성격에 대해서는 말을 하지 말아야 한다.
  4. 비평이라는 말에는 평가가 내포되어 있지만 사실은 ‘묘사’에 더 집중해야 한다. 어떤 판단을 내리기에 앞서 당신이 본 것과 경험한 행동을 묘사할 수 있어야 한다.
  5. 당신의 비평은 특정 상황에 집중해야지 비평을 일반화하거나 추상적으로 하면 안 된다. 즉, ‘언제 어디서 누가 무엇을 어떻게 왜’와 같은 육하원칙으로 글을 쓰는 언론기자들의 방식을 택하는 것이 좋다.
  6. 당신의 비평은 현재, 바로 지금에 맞춰져 있어야지 과거로 돌아가면 안 된다.
  7. 내 감정과 내 직관을 얘기해야 하고 “내가 생각하기에는…”이라는 식으로 말해야 한다.
  8. 단순히 충고를 하기보다 한마음이 되어 비판이 끼치는 영향에 대한 하나된 토론으로 초대가 있어야 한다. 문제를 해결하기 위한 파트너십이 구성되어야 한다. 경쟁관계에 있어서는 안 된다. 문제를 해결하기 위한 경쟁이지 그 이상이면 안 된다.
  9. 판단은 임시적인 것이다. 당신의 분석과 설명만을 제시하기보다 대화에 열려 있어야 한다.
  10. 상대편에서 최종 결정을 내리도록 하는 비평이어야지, 그 비평한 대로 하도록 강제해서는 안 된다. 상대가 결정에 소유권이 있음을 격려해줘야 한다. 사람들은 대체로 자신이 내놓은 해결점만 집중하는 경향이 있다.
  11. 지나친 비평은 금물이다. 비평에 대한 의견을 줄 수 있는 공간을 만들어줘야 한다.
  12. 다른 사람이 변화할 수 있는 행동에 대해서만 비평하라.
  13. 비평에도 긍정적인 요소가 있어야 한다. 긍정적인 행동으로 이끌고 갈 수 있어야 한다.

워커 교수의 말을 종합한다면 결국 비평도 이타적이어야 합니다. 나를 방어하기 위한, 내것을 옳다고 입증하기 위한 비평은 파괴적이기까지 합니다. 이기적이라고 생각이 들면, 비평 자체를 중단해야 합니다.

질문) 나의 비평 방법은 건설적이었는지, 아니면 하고 싶은 말을 앞뒤 살핌 없이 던지거나, 내 입장만을 생각하며 했던 것이 주였는지 건설적인 비평을 했었는지 점검해봅시다.

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
650 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
trackback
2 months ago

RoyalCBD.com

[…]one of our guests not long ago suggested the following website[…]

trackback
2 months ago

cbd oil georgia

[…]please visit the websites we stick to, which includes this 1, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

trackback
2 months ago

RoyalCBD.com

[…]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

trackback
2 months ago

cbd arizona

[…]just beneath, are several absolutely not connected sites to ours, even so, they may be surely worth going over[…]

trackback
2 months ago

cbd california

[…]just beneath, are quite a few entirely not related web sites to ours, on the other hand, they are surely worth going over[…]

trackback
2 months ago

alabama

[…]The information and facts talked about within the write-up are a number of the very best available […]

trackback
2 months ago

RoyalCBD.com

[…]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated information, nevertheless definitely worth taking a search, whoa did one learn about Mid East has got a lot more problerms at the same time […]

trackback
2 months ago

beginner guide cbd oil

[…]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

trackback
2 months ago

Royal CBD

[…]The information talked about inside the post are a few of the top obtainable […]

trackback
2 months ago

Royal CBD

[…]The facts mentioned inside the article are a number of the best out there […]

trackback
2 months ago

Royal CBD

[…]that will be the end of this report. Here you will find some sites that we assume you will value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

trackback
2 months ago

RoyalCBD.com

[…]below you will come across the link to some web pages that we believe you need to visit[…]

trackback
2 months ago

RoyalCBD.com

[…]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I like but really don’t get quite a bit of link love from[…]

trackback
2 months ago

RoyalCBD

[…]please pay a visit to the sites we adhere to, including this one particular, as it represents our picks in the web[…]

trackback
2 months ago

RoyalCBD

[…]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated information, nonetheless seriously worth taking a search, whoa did 1 master about Mid East has got additional problerms at the same time […]

trackback
2 months ago

CBD capsules

[…]one of our guests not long ago encouraged the following website[…]

trackback
2 months ago

THC Cartridge

[…]that would be the end of this article. Right here you will come across some internet sites that we think you’ll value, just click the links over[…]

trackback
2 months ago

اغاني

[…]please stop by the internet sites we follow, which includes this one, because it represents our picks from the web[…]

trackback
2 months ago

lesbian porn world

[…]Here are a number of the web-sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

trackback
2 months ago

MILF

[…]that may be the end of this article. Here you will obtain some internet sites that we believe you will enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

trackback
2 months ago

berlin er sucht ihn

[…]Every the moment in a even though we pick blogs that we study. Listed below would be the most up-to-date websites that we pick out […]

trackback
2 months ago

MALWAREBYTES ADWCLEANER

[…]just beneath, are quite a few entirely not connected web sites to ours, nonetheless, they are certainly worth going over[…]

trackback
2 months ago

investment sales broker

[…]we like to honor many other web websites on the net, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages worth checking out[…]

trackback
2 months ago

Electrician SEO

[…]although web sites we backlink to below are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they may be basically worth a go through, so possess a look[…]

trackback
1 month ago

free windows app download

[…]below you’ll come across the link to some websites that we consider you need to visit[…]

trackback
1 month ago

app download for pc

[…]the time to read or go to the content material or internet sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

trackback
1 month ago

apps for pc download

[…]Here are some of the web sites we suggest for our visitors[…]

trackback
1 month ago

free download for pc windows

[…]Here are some of the web sites we recommend for our visitors[…]

trackback
1 month ago

download apk app for pc

[…]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Fakaza mp3

[…]although sites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they’re in fact worth a go by way of, so possess a look[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Escort amsterdam

[…]please visit the websites we follow, including this one particular, because it represents our picks from the web[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Business Coach

[…]Here is a good Blog You may Locate Fascinating that we Encourage You[…]

trackback
1 month ago

anvelope chisinau

[…]Here is a superb Blog You might Locate Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

trackback
1 month ago

options trading

[…]very handful of internet sites that take place to become detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively worth checking out[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Online Impacts

[…]please visit the web-sites we adhere to, such as this one particular, because it represents our picks in the web[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Apple reparatur

[…]check beneath, are some completely unrelated internet websites to ours, even so, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

trackback
1 month ago

embedded system

[…]Here are several of the websites we advise for our visitors[…]

trackback
1 month ago

news website list fox

[…]here are some hyperlinks to internet sites that we link to mainly because we feel they’re worth visiting[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Pomeranian Puppies For Sale

[…]below you’ll locate the link to some internet sites that we assume you’ll want to visit[…]

trackback
1 month ago

flights to praslin island seychelles

[…]one of our guests lately encouraged the following website[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Brass knuckles Vape pen

[…]the time to study or go to the subject material or sites we have linked to beneath the[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Supreme Carts

[…]please take a look at the web pages we comply with, like this a single, as it represents our picks in the web[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Teacup Puppies For Sale Near Me

[…]below you’ll come across the link to some internet sites that we believe you need to visit[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Pc support bubikon

[…]although websites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they are basically really worth a go by way of, so possess a look[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Escort amsterdam

[…]one of our visitors not too long ago recommended the following website[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Employee Benefits Chicago

[…]always a massive fan of linking to bloggers that I appreciate but really don’t get quite a bit of link appreciate from[…]

trackback
1 month ago

travel

[…]very few websites that transpire to become in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively really worth checking out[…]

trackback
1 month ago

Anthony Galie

[…]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated information, nevertheless truly really worth taking a search, whoa did one particular master about Mid East has got extra problerms too […]

trackback
1 month ago

two piece pants sets

[…]we came across a cool web page that you just may appreciate. Take a search should you want[…]

trackback
1 month ago

BIKES

[…]just beneath, are a lot of totally not related websites to ours, nevertheless, they’re surely really worth going over[…]

1 11 12 13